California is a community property state. Community property is any property obtained during the marriage. If income was earned during the marriage, any proceeds from the income will be community property as well as any purchases made with the income. Upon dissolution, equity in a community property asset will be awarded equally to both parties.
Separate property is any property obtained before or after the marriage and any property that was received during the marriage as a gift or an inheritance. In a divorce, separate property will be awarded to the party who owns the separate property in its entirety if it is easily identifiable.
Property can have aspects of community property and separate property. Depending on the type of property and how it is characterized will determine how it will be divided in a divorce.